Sarcoidosis is a disease that leads to inflammation, usually in your lungs, skin, or lymph nodes. It starts as tiny, grain-like lumps, called granulomas. Sarcoidosis can affect any organ in your body.
No one is sure what causes sarcoidosis. It affects men and women of all ages and races. It occurs mostly in people ages 20 to 50, African Americans, especially women, and people of Northern European origin.
Many people have no symptoms. If you have symptoms, they may include:
- Shortness of breath
- Weight loss
- Night sweats
Tests to diagnose sarcoidosis include chest x-rays, lung function tests, and a biopsy. Not everyone who has the disease needs treatment. If you do, prednisone, a type of steroid, is the main treatment.
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Sarcoidosis (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Value of CT spectral imaging in the differential diagnosis of sarcoidosis...
- Article: Altered transcription factor targeting is associated with differential peripheral blood mononuclear...
- Article: Performance of Serum Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme in Diagnosing Sarcoidosis and Predicting the...
- Sarcoidosis -- see more articles