Sarcoidosis is a disease that leads to inflammation, usually in your lungs, skin, or lymph nodes. It starts as tiny, grain-like lumps, called granulomas. Sarcoidosis can affect any organ in your body.
No one is sure what causes sarcoidosis. It affects men and women of all ages and races. It occurs mostly in people ages 20 to 50, African Americans, especially women, and people of Northern European origin.
Many people have no symptoms. If you have symptoms, they may include
- Shortness of breath
- Weight loss
- Night sweats
Tests to diagnose sarcoidosis include chest x-rays, lung function tests, and a biopsy. Not everyone who has the disease needs treatment. If you do, prednisone, a type of steroid, is the main treatment.
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Sarcoidosis (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: New advances in the management of pulmonary sarcoidosis.
- Article: The role of positron emission tomography in the assessment of cardiac...
- Article: Clinical characteristics of sarcoidosis patients with systemic sclerosis-specific autoantibody: Possible involvement...
- Sarcoidosis -- see more articles