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In the United States, 1 in 4 women dies from heart disease. The most common cause of heart disease in both men and women is narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart itself. This is called coronary artery disease, and it happens slowly over time. It's the major reason people have heart attacks.
Heart diseases that affect women more than men include
- Coronary microvascular disease (MVD) - a problem that affects the heart's tiny arteries
- Broken heart syndrome - extreme emotional stress leading to severe but often short-term heart muscle failure
The older a woman gets, the more likely she is to get heart disease. But women of all ages should be concerned about heart disease. All women can take steps to prevent it by practicing healthy lifestyle habits.
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
- Heart Attack Symptoms in Women (American Heart Association)
Prevention and Risk Factors
- Heart Disease and Stroke (Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women's Health)
- Heart Disease in Women: Understand Symptoms and Risk Factors (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Heart Disease Risk Factors (Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women's Health) Also in Spanish
- Women and Heart Disease Prevention (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - In English and Spanish
- Calcium Supplements: A Risk Factor for Heart Attack? (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Healthy Recipes (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish
- Heart Healthy Eating (Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women's Health) Also in Spanish
- Heart-Healthy Living (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)
Statistics and Research
- Women and Heart Disease (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Heart Disease in Women (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: The Future of Women and Heart Disease in a Pandemic Era:...
- Article: Presentations and Outcomes of Severe Cardiac Complications in COVID-19: Rhode Island...
- Article: Evaluation of High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin T Levels in Japanese Patients Recently...
- Heart Disease in Women -- see more articles
- How the Heart Works (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)