Nausea is an uneasy or unsettled feeling in the stomach together with an urge to vomit. Nausea and vomiting, or throwing up, are not diseases. They can be symptoms of many different conditions. These include morning sickness during pregnancy, infections, migraine headaches, motion sickness, food poisoning, cancer chemotherapy or other medicines.
For vomiting in children and adults, avoid solid foods until vomiting has stopped for at least six hours. Then work back to a normal diet. Drink small amounts of clear liquids to avoid dehydration.
Nausea and vomiting are common. Usually, they are not serious. You should see a doctor immediately if you suspect poisoning or if you have
- Vomited for longer than 24 hours
- Blood in the vomit
- Severe abdominal pain
- Headache and stiff neck
- Signs of dehydration, such as dry mouth, infrequent urination or dark urine
- Nausea and Vomiting (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
Treatments and Therapies
- Antiemetic Medicines: OTC Relief for Nausea and Vomiting (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in Spanish
- Drugs to Treat Nausea and Vomiting (Consumers Union of U.S.) - PDF
- Ginger (National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health)
- Genetics Home Reference: cyclic vomiting syndrome (National Library of Medicine)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Management of Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting in Pediatric Patients.
- Article: Differential clinical pharmacology of rolapitant in delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea and...
- Article: Efficacy of Single-dose First-generation 5-HT<sub>3</sub> Receptor Antagonist and Dexamethasone for...
- Nausea and Vomiting -- see more articles
- Dehydration (For Parents) (Nemours Foundation) Also in Spanish
- Drinks to Prevent Dehydration in a Vomiting Child (American Academy of Pediatrics) Also in Spanish
- Infant Vomiting (American Academy of Pediatrics) Also in Spanish
- Nausea and Vomiting in Infants and Children (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in Spanish
- Vomiting (For Parents) (Nemours Foundation) Also in Spanish
- Vomiting and Diarrhea (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in Spanish
- What's Puke? (For Kids) (Nemours Foundation) Also in Spanish