If you have coronary artery disease, the arteries in your heart are narrowed or blocked by a sticky material called plaque. Angioplasty is a procedure to restore blood flow through the artery.
You have angioplasty in a hospital. The doctor threads a thin tube through a blood vessel in the arm or groin up to the involved site in the artery. The tube has a tiny balloon on the end. When the tube is in place, the doctor inflates the balloon to push the plaque outward against the wall of the artery. This widens the artery and restores blood flow.
Doctors may use angioplasty to
- Reduce chest pain caused by reduced blood flow to the heart
- Minimize damage to heart muscle from a heart attack
Many people go home the day after angioplasty, and are able to return to work within a week of coming home.
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
- Angioplasty and Vascular Stenting (American College of Radiology, Radiological Society of North America) Also in Spanish
- Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)
- What Is a Stent? (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)
- What Is Coronary Angioplasty? (American Heart Association) Also in Spanish
- What to Expect After a Stent Procedure (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)
- Cardiac Procedures and Surgeries (American Heart Association)
- Coronary Artery Disease: Angioplasty or Bypass Surgery? (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Drug-Eluting Stents: Do They Increase Heart Attack Risk? (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Intravascular Ultrasound (Texas Heart Institute) Also in Spanish
- Optical Coherence Tomography (Texas Heart Institute)
- What Are the Risks of Having a Stent? (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)
- What Is Cardiac Catheterization? (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)
Videos and Tutorials
- Balloon angioplasty - short segment (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish
- Directional coronary atherectomy (DCA) (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish
- Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish
- Transradial Approach for Cardiac Catheterization: The New Frontier of Coronary Intervention (BroadcastMed) - University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, IL, 6/26/2014
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Angioplasty (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Drug-Coated Balloon Versus Drug-Eluting Stent in Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention:...
- Article: Balloon Pulmonary Angioplasty in Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension: New Horizons...
- Article: Treatment of femoropopliteal atherosclerotic lesions using the ranger paclitaxel-coated balloon...
- Angioplasty -- see more articles