URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/cervixdisorders.html

Cervix Disorders

On this page

Learn More

See, Play and Learn

  • No links available



The cervix is the lower part of the uterus, the place where a baby grows during pregnancy. The cervix has a small opening that expands during childbirth. It also allows menstrual blood to leave a woman's body.

Your health care provider may perform a Pap test during your health checkup to look for changes to the cells of the cervix, including cervical cancer. Other problems with the cervix include:

  • Cervicitis - inflammation of the cervix. This is usually from an infection.
  • Cervical incompetence - This can happen during pregnancy. The opening of the cervix widens long before the baby is due.
  • Cervical polyps and cysts - abnormal growths on the cervix

Diagnosis and Tests

Treatments and Therapies


Clinical Trials

Find an Expert

  • Find an Ob-Gyn (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists)

Patient Handouts

The information on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Contact a health care provider if you have questions about your health.