Causes of malnutrition include:
- Lack of specific nutrients in your diet. Even the lack of one vitamin can lead to malnutrition.
- An unbalanced diet
- Certain medical problems, such as malabsorption syndromes and cancers
Symptoms may include fatigue, dizziness, and weight loss. Or, you may have no symptoms. To diagnose the cause of the problem, your doctor may do blood tests and a nutritional assessment. Treatment may include replacing the missing nutrients and treating the underlying cause.
- Iodine Deficiency (American Thyroid Association) Also in Spanish
- Nutrition in Cancer Care (PDQ)-Patient Version (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Vitamin B12-Deficiency Anemia (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)
- Vitamin Deficiency Anemia (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Malnutrition (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Effects of Postdischarge High-Protein Oral Nutritional Supplements and Resistance Training in...
- Article: Feasibility study of a randomised controlled trial of preoperative and postoperative...
- Article: Randomized Clinical Trial: Effects of β-Hydroxy-β-Methylbutyrate (HMB)-Enriched vs. HMB-Free Oral Nutritional...
- Malnutrition -- see more articles