Vitamins are substances that your body needs to grow and develop normally. There are 13 vitamins your body needs. They are
- Vitamin A
- B vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, vitamin B-6, vitamin B-12 and folate)
- Vitamin C
- Vitamin D
- Vitamin E
- Vitamin K
You can usually get all your vitamins from the foods you eat. Your body can also make vitamins D and K. People who eat a vegetarian diet may need to take a vitamin B12 supplement.
Each vitamin has specific jobs. If you have low levels of certain vitamins, you may get health problems. For example, if you don't get enough vitamin C, you could become anemic. Some vitamins may help prevent medical problems. Vitamin A prevents night blindness.
The best way to get enough vitamins is to eat a balanced diet with a variety of foods. In some cases, you may need to take vitamin supplements. It's a good idea to ask your health care provider first. High doses of some vitamins can cause problems.
- Fortify Your Knowledge about Vitamins (Food and Drug Administration)
- Should You Take Dietary Supplements? (National Institutes of Health) Also in Spanish
- Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Fact Sheets (National Institutes of Health, Office of Dietary Supplements)
- Vitamins and Minerals: How to Get What You Need (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in Spanish
- Can Vitamins Help Prevent a Heart Attack? (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Percent Daily Value: What Does It Mean? (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Vitamin Deficiency Anemia (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Vitamin, Mineral, and Multivitamin Supplements for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force) - PDF
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Definitions of Health Terms: Vitamins (National Library of Medicine)
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