Causes of malnutrition include:
- Lack of specific nutrients in your diet. Even the lack of one vitamin can lead to malnutrition.
- An unbalanced diet
- Certain medical problems, such as malabsorption syndromes and cancers
Symptoms may include fatigue, dizziness, and weight loss. Or, you may have no symptoms. To diagnose the cause of the problem, your doctor may do blood tests and a nutritional assessment. Treatment may include replacing the missing nutrients and treating the underlying cause.
Prevention and Risk Factors
- Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Malnutrition (National Institutes of Health)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Hunger and Malnutrition (Nemours Foundation)
- Preventing Malnutrition in Older Adults (American Academy of Family Physicians)
- Senior Health: How to Prevent and Detect Malnutrition (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)