Your spine, or backbone, protects your spinal cord and allows you to stand and bend. Spinal stenosis causes narrowing in your spine. The narrowing puts pressure on your nerves and spinal cord and can cause pain.
Spinal stenosis occurs mostly in people older than 50. Younger people with a spine injury or a narrow spinal canal are also at risk. Diseases such as arthritis and scoliosis can cause spinal stenosis, too. Symptoms might appear gradually or not at all. They include
- Pain in your neck or back
- Numbness, weakness, cramping, or pain in your arms or legs
- Pain going down the leg
- Foot problems
Doctors diagnose spinal stenosis with a physical exam and imaging tests. Treatments include medications, physical therapy, braces, and surgery.
NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
Treatments and Therapies
- Back Surgery: When Is It a Good Idea? (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Cervical Laminoplasty (North American Spine Society)
- Epidural Injections for Spinal Pain (American College of Radiology, Radiological Society of North America) Also in Spanish
- Laminectomy (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- What Is the Difference between Pseudoclaudication and Claudication? (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Spinal Stenosis (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Three-dimensional navigation (O-arm) versus fluoroscopy in the treatment of thoracic spinal...
- Article: Percutaneous endoscopic decompression for lumbar spinal stenosis: Protocol for a systematic...
- Article: Artificial Intelligence for the Treatment of Lumbar Spondylolisthesis.
- Spinal Stenosis -- see more articles
Find an Expert
- Arthritis Foundation: Local Office Directory (Arthritis Foundation)
- Find a Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Physician (American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
- Find a Physical Therapist (American Physical Therapy Association)
- Find a Rheumatologist (American College of Rheumatology)
- National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Also in Spanish