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Lumbar spinal surgery - series—Normal anatomy

Normal anatomy

Overview

The spine is made of bones (vertebrae) separated by soft cushions (intervertebral discs).

Review Date 9/8/2014

Updated by: C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Assistant Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, San Francisco, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.