Table salt is a combination of two minerals - sodium and chloride Your body needs some sodium to work properly. It helps with the function of nerves and muscles. It also helps to keep the right balance of fluids in your body. Your kidneys control how much sodium is in your body. If you have too much and your kidneys can't get rid it, sodium builds up in your blood. This can lead to high blood pressure. High blood pressure can lead to other health problems.
Most people in the U.S. get more sodium in their diets than they need. A key to healthy eating is choosing foods low in sodium. The Dietary Guidelines recommend that most adults eat less than 2.3 grams per day. That equals about 1 teaspoon of table salt a day. Some people are more sensitive to the effects of salt than others and should eat less. This includes people who have high blood pressure, diabetes, or kidney problems, or are African-American or over age 50. Reading food labels can help you see how much sodium is in prepared foods.
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
- Lowering Salt in Your Diet (Food and Drug Administration)
- Sodium (Salt or Sodium Chloride) (American Heart Association) Also in Spanish
- Sodium and Food Sources (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Sodium in Your Diet: Using the Nutrition Facts Label to Reduce Your Intake (Food and Drug Administration) Also in Spanish
- Sodium: How to Tame Your Salt Habit (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Increasing Salt Intake Tied to Diabetes Risk (09/15/2017, HealthDay)
Diagnosis and Tests
- Sodium Test (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
- Can Processed Foods Be Part of a Healthy Diet? (American Heart Association)
- Central Pontine Myelinolysis (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)
- Salty Six (American Heart Association)
- Sea Salt vs. Table Salt: What's the Difference? (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Shifting the Balance of Sodium and Potassium in Your Diet (Harvard School of Public Health)
- Water Softeners: How Much Sodium Do They Add? (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Hyponatremia (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
Health Check Tools
- Test Your Sodium Smarts (American Heart Association)
Statistics and Research
- CDC Vital Signs: Where's the Sodium? (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Challenges in Treating Cardiovascular Disease: Restricting Sodium and Managing Hyperkalemia.
- Article: Association of Estimated Sodium Intake With Adverse Cardiac Structure and Function: From the...
- Article: Modeled changes in US sodium intake from reducing sodium concentrations...
- Sodium -- see more articles
- CDC Vital Signs: Reducing Sodium in Children's Diets (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in Spanish
- Low Blood Sodium in Older Adults: A Concern? (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)