Panic disorder is a type of anxiety disorder. It causes panic attacks, which are sudden feelings of terror when there is no real danger. You may feel as if you are losing control. You may also have physical symptoms, such as
- Fast heartbeat
- Chest or stomach pain
- Breathing difficulty
- Weakness or dizziness
- Feeling hot or a cold chill
- Tingly or numb hands
Panic attacks can happen anytime, anywhere, and without warning. You may live in fear of another attack and may avoid places where you have had an attack. For some people, fear takes over their lives and they cannot leave their homes.
Panic disorder is more common in women than men. It usually starts when people are young adults. Sometimes it starts when a person is under a lot of stress. Most people get better with treatment. Therapy can show you how to recognize and change your thinking patterns before they lead to panic. Medicines can also help.
NIH: National Institute of Mental Health
Statistics and Research
- Panic Disorder among Adults (National Institute of Mental Health)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Panic Disorder (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Cognitive behavioral therapy for postpartum panic disorder: a case series.
- Article: Implicit Attachment Schemas and Therapy Outcome for Panic Disorder Treated with...
- Article: The evaluation of metacognitive beliefs and emotion recognition in panic disorder...
- Panic Disorder -- see more articles
- Panic Disorder and Women (Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women's Health)