HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It harms your immune system by destroying the white blood cells that fight infection. AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. It is the final stage of infection with HIV. Not everyone with HIV develops AIDS.
Infection with HIV is serious. But thanks to better treatments, people with HIV/AIDS are now living longer, and have a better quality of life. If you have HIV, you can help yourself by
- Getting medical care as soon as you find out that you have HIV
- Finding a health care provider has experience in treating HIV/AIDS
- If are on any medicines, make sure to take them regularly
- Getting support, such as from support groups, therapists, and social service organizations
- Learning as much as you can about HIV/AIDS and its treatment
- Trying to live a healthy lifestyle, including eating healthy foods, exercising regularly, and getting enough sleep
It is also important to reduce the risk of spreading HIV to other people. You should tell your sex partners that you have HIV, and always use condoms.
- HIV Treatment Overview (AIDS.gov)
Diagnosis and Tests
- Stages of AIDS-Related Lymphoma (National Cancer Institute)
- Drugs, Alcohol and HIV (Department of Veterans Affairs)
- HIV and Immunizations (AIDSinfo) Also in Spanish
- HIV Infection and Cancer Risk (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Just Diagnosed: Next Steps After Testing Positive for HIV (AIDSinfo) Also in Spanish
- Oral Sex and HIV Risk (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in Spanish
- Sex and Sexuality and HIV (Department of Veterans Affairs)
- Smoking (AIDS.gov)
- Travelers' Health: HIV Infection (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- You and Your Provider (AIDS.gov)
- Body Shape Changes with HIV (Department of Veterans Affairs)
- General Information about AIDS-Related Lymphoma (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- HIV/AIDS and Infections: MedlinePlus Health Topic (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish
- HIV/AIDS and Oral Health (National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research) Also in Spanish
- Neurological Complications of AIDS (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) Also in Spanish
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases (AIDS.gov)
- Tips for HIV Regimen Adherence (AIDSinfo)
Statistics and Research
- HIV Among People Aged 50 and Over (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- HIV in the United States and Dependent Areas (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- HIV/AIDS Statistics Overview (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- The Science Is Clear: With HIV, Undetectable Equals Untransmittable (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: HIV/AIDS and Quality of Life (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Health-related quality of life in people with chronic diseases managed in...
- Article: Assessing quality of life in people with HIV in Spain: psychometric...
- Article: Changes health-related quality of life in HIV-infected patients following initiation of...
- Living with HIV/AIDS -- see more articles
- Nutrition and HIV/AIDS -- see more articles