Wild animals usually avoid people. They might attack, however, if they feel threatened, are sick, or are protecting their young or territory. Attacks by pets are more common. Animal bites rarely are life-threatening, but if they become infected, you can develop serious medical problems.
To prevent animal bites and complications from bites
- Never pet, handle, or feed unknown animals
- Leave snakes alone
- Watch your children closely around animals
- Vaccinate your cats, ferrets, and dogs against rabies
- Spay or neuter your dog to make it less aggressive
- Get a tetanus booster if you have not had one recently
- Wear boots and long pants when you are in areas with venomous snakes
If an animal bites you, clean the wound with soap and water as soon as possible. Get medical attention if necessary.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Animal Bites of the Hand (American Society for Surgery of the Hand)
- Dog Bite Emergencies (American Veterinary Medical Association)
- Dog Bites (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Lizard Bites (Merck & Co., Inc.) Also in Spanish
- Scorpion Stings (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
Health Check Tools
- Snakebite (DSHI Systems)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Safety and efficacy of a freeze-dried trivalent antivenom for snakebites...
- Article: Health seeking behavior following snakebites in Sri Lanka: Results of...
- Article: Preclinical antivenom-efficacy testing reveals potentially disturbing deficiencies of snakebite treatment...
- Animal Bites -- see more articles