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If you are having surgery, your doctor will give you medicine called an anesthetic. Anesthetics reduce or prevent pain. There are three main types:
- Local - numbs one small area of the body. You stay awake and alert.
- Regional - blocks pain in an area of the body, such an arm or leg. A common type is epidural anesthesia, which is often used during childbirth.
- General - makes you unconscious. You do not feel any pain, and you do not remember the procedure afterwards.
You may also get a mild sedative to relax you. You stay awake but may not remember the procedure afterwards. Sedation can be used with or without anesthesia.
The type of anesthesia or sedation you get depends on many factors. They include the procedure you are having and your current health.
- 'Don't Cut Yet, Doc, I Can Hear You' (12/20/2016, HealthDay)
- FDA Issues Anesthesia Warning for Pregnant Women, Kids Under 3 (12/14/2016, HealthDay)
- After Anesthesia: The Patient's Active Role Assists in Recovery (American Association of Nurse Anesthetists) - PDF
- Anesthesia & Down Syndrome (National Down Syndrome Society)
- Anesthesia Awareness (American Society of Anesthesiologists)
- Before Anesthesia: The Patient's Active Role Makes a Difference (American Association of Nurse Anesthetists) - PDF
- Effects of Anesthesia (American Society of Anesthesiologists)
- Preanesthesia Questionnaire (American Association of Nurse Anesthetists)
- Role of the Physician Anesthesiologist (American Society of Anesthesiologists)
- Spinal Headaches (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
Statistics and Research
- Anesthesia Fact Sheet (National Institute of General Medical Sciences)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Anesthesia (National Institutes of Health)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: A comparative study of voice outcomes and complication rates in...
- Article: Comparison between ultrasound-guided interfascial pulsed radiofrequency and ultrasound-guided interfascial block...
- Article: Dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant to local anesthetics in brachial plexus...
- Anesthesia -- see more articles
- Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Anesthesia (American Society of Anesthesiologists)
- Seniors and Anesthesia (American Society of Anesthesiologists)