There are many reasons to have surgery. Some operations can relieve or prevent pain. Others can reduce a symptom of a problem or improve some body function. Some surgeries are done to find a problem. For example, a surgeon may do a biopsy, which involves removing a piece of tissue to examine under a microscope. Some surgeries, like heart surgery, can save your life.
Some operations that once needed large incisions (cuts in the body) can now be done using much smaller cuts. This is called laparoscopic surgery. Surgeons insert a thin tube with a camera to see, and use small tools to do the surgery.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
- Is Surgery Always Needed for Meniscal Tears of the Knee? (07/21/2016, HealthDay)
- Extensive Surgery Best for an Aggressive Brain Cancer (06/16/2016, HealthDay)
- Rural Hospitals Often Safer, Cheaper for Common Surgeries (05/17/2016, HealthDay)
- More News on Surgery
- Getting a Second Opinion Before Surgery (Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services) - PDF Available in Spanish
- Informed Consent (American College of Surgeons)
- Medication Use Before Your Operation (American College of Surgeons)
- Patient's Guide to Perioperative Antithrombotic Therapy (American College of Chest Physicians) - PDF
- Speak Up: Help Avoid Mistakes in Your Surgery (Joint Commission) - PDF Available in Spanish
- What Is a Ventilator? (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)
- Common Interventional Radiology Procedures (Society of Interventional Radiology)
- Cryotherapy (Radiological Society of North America, American College of Radiology) Available in Spanish
- Gamma-Knife Radiosurgery (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Laparoscopic Surgery - What Is It? (American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons) Available in Spanish
- Minimally Invasive Surgery (American Society for Reproductive Medicine) - PDF
- What Is Elective Surgery? (For Parents) (Nemours Foundation)
Health Check Tools
- Question Builder: Be Prepared for Your Next Medical Appointment (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality)
Statistics and Research
- FastStats: Inpatient Surgery (National Center for Health Statistics)
- Percentage of Surgical Patients Receiving Recommended Care (Department of Health and Human Services)
- Technologies Enhance Tumor Surgery: Helping Surgeons Spot and Remove Cancer (National Institutes of Health)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: General Surgery (National Institutes of Health)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Surgical Procedures, Operative (National Institutes of Health)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Association of Hospital Critical Access Status With Surgical Outcomes and...
- Article: WHEN SURGERY GOES WRONG: THE IMPORTANCE OF THE PATIENT'S VOICE.
- Article: Managing the Risks of Concurrent Surgeries.
- Surgery -- see more articles
- Laser Surgery -- see more articles
- Postoperative Pain -- see more articles
- Considering Surgery? (National Institute on Aging)
- Blood donation before surgery Available in Spanish
- Getting yourself healthy before surgery Available in Spanish
- Smoking and surgery Available in Spanish
- Tests and visits before surgery Available in Spanish
- The day of surgery for your child Available in Spanish
- The day of your surgery - adult Available in Spanish