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Vaginal cancer is a rare type of cancer. It is more common in women 60 and older. You are also more likely to get it if you have had a human papillomavirus (HPV) infection or if your mother took diethylstilbestrol (DES) when she was pregnant. Doctors prescribed DES in the 1950's to prevent miscarriages. You are also at higher risk if you have had abnormal cells in the vagina, cervix, or uterus.
It often doesn't have early symptoms. However, see your doctor if you notice
- Bleeding that is not your period
- A vaginal lump
- Pelvic pain
A Pap test can find abnormal cells that may be cancer. Vaginal cancer can often be cured in its early stages. Treatment might include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
NIH: National Cancer Institute
- Cancer and Stress (Foundation for Women's Cancer)
- Cancer Treatment for Women: Possible Sexual Side Effects (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Diethylstilbestrol (DES) and Cancer (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Fertility and Sexual Side Effects in People with Cancer (American Cancer Society) Also in Spanish
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Vaginal Neoplasms (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Clinical presentation, treatment, and outcomes associated with vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia: A...
- Article: Lower Genital Tract Melanomas: Staging, Predictors of Outcome, and New Therapeutic...
- Article: Detection of high-risk human papillomavirus infection and treatment of high-grade vaginal...
- Vaginal Cancer -- see more articles
Find an Expert
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