Triglycerides are a type of fat found in your blood. Too much of this type of fat may raise the risk of coronary artery disease, especially in women.
A blood test measures your triglycerides along with your cholesterol. Normal triglyceride levels are below 150. Levels above 200 are high.
Factors that can raise your triglyceride level include
- Being overweight
- Lack of physical activity
- Excessive alcohol use
- A very high carbohydrate diet
- Certain diseases and medicines
- Some genetic disorders
You may be able to lower your triglycerides with a combination of losing weight, diet, and exercise. You also may need to take medicine to lower your triglycerides.
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
- HDL (Good), LDL (Bad) Cholesterol and Triglycerides (American Heart Association)
- Roadmap for Managing Your Triglycerides and Protecting Your Heart (American Academy of Nurse Practitioners) - PDF
- Triglycerides: Why Do They Matter? (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- What Are High Blood Cholesterol and Triglycerides? (American Heart Association) - PDF Also in Spanish
- Prevention and Treatment of High Cholesterol (Hyperlipidemia) (American Heart Association)
- Triglycerides : Frequently Asked Questions (American Heart Association) - PDF
- Patient Guide to the Assessment and Treatment of Hypertriglyceridemia (High Triglycerides) (Hormone Health Network) - PDF
- Genetics Home Reference: hepatic lipase deficiency (National Library of Medicine)
Statistics and Research
- Big, Fat World of Lipids (National Institute of General Medical Sciences)
- Trends in Elevated Triglyceride in Adults: United States, 2001-2012 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Triglyceride to High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Ratio and Cardiovascular Events in...
- Article: Effects of Intranasal Insulin on Triglyceride-Rich Lipoprotein Particle Production in...
- Article: Association of Triglyceride-Related Genetic Variants With Mitral Annular Calcification.
- Triglycerides -- see more articles