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Throat Disorders

Also called: Pharyngeal disorders 

Summary

Your throat is a tube that carries food to your esophagus and air to your windpipe and larynx. The technical name for throat is pharynx.

Throat problems are common. You've probably had a sore throat. The cause is usually a viral infection, but other causes include allergies, infection with strep bacteria or the upward movement of stomach acids into the esophagus, called GERD.

Other problems that affect the throat include

  • Tonsillitis - an infection in the tonsils
  • Pharyngitis - inflammation of the pharynx
  • Cancers
  • Croup - inflammation, usually in small children, which causes a barking cough

Most throat problems are minor and go away on their own. Treatments, when needed, depend on the problem.

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Symptoms

Diagnosis and Tests

Treatments and Therapies

Related Issues

Specifics

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Children

Teenagers