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Every day, you have different experiences and you learn new things. Your brain cannot store all of that information, so it has to decide what is worth remembering. Memory is the process of storing and then remembering this information. There are different types of memory. Short-term memory stores information for a few seconds or minutes. Long-term memory stores it for a longer period of time.
Memory doesn't always work perfectly. As you grow older, it may take longer to remember things.
It's normal to forget things once in a while. We've all forgotten a name, where we put our keys, or if we locked the front door. If you are an older adult who forget things more often than others your age, you may have mild cognitive impairment. Forgetting how to use your phone or find your way home may be signs of a more serious problem, such as:
- Alzheimer's disease
- Other types of dementia
- Head injuries
- Blood clots or tumors in the brain
- Kidney, liver, or thyroid problems
- Reactions to certain medicines
If you're worried about your forgetfulness, see your health care provider.
NIH: National Institute on Aging
- Coping with Memory Loss (Food and Drug Administration) Also in Spanish
- Understanding Memory Loss: What To Do When You Have Trouble Remembering (National Institute on Aging) - PDF
Treatments and Therapies
- Ginkgo (National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health)
- Medications for Memory, Cognition, and Dementia-Related Behaviors (Alzheimer's Association)
- 4 Types of Foods that Boost Your Memory (Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics)
- Chemo Brain (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Cognitive Health (National Institute on Aging)
- Do Memory Problems Always Mean Alzheimer's Disease? (National Institute on Aging)
- Well-Aged Mind: Maintaining Your Cognitive Health (National Institutes of Health) Also in Spanish
- Agnosia (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)
- Amnesia (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Brain Fog (Sjogren's Syndrome Foundation) - PDF
- Dissociative Disorders (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Prosopagnosia (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)
- Transient Global Amnesia (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
Statistics and Research
- NIH Scientists Try to Crack the Brain's Memory Codes (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)
- Protein May Reverse Age-Related Memory Loss (National Institutes of Health) Also in Spanish
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Decoding declarative memory process for predicting memory retrieval based on source...
- Article: Eyewitness accuracy and retrieval effort: Effects of time and repetition.
- Article: Functional imaging analyses reveal prototype and exemplar representations in a perceptual...
- Memory -- see more articles
- Memory and Aging (American Psychological Association) - PDF
- Memory, Forgetfulness, and Aging: What's Normal and What's Not? (National Institute on Aging) Also in Spanish