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Leukemia is cancer of the white blood cells. White blood cells help your body fight infection. Your blood cells form in your bone marrow. In leukemia, the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells. These cells crowd out the healthy blood cells, making it hard for blood to do its work.
There are different types of leukemia, including
- Acute lymphocytic leukemia
- Acute myeloid leukemia
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
- Chronic myeloid leukemia
Leukemia can develop quickly or slowly. Chronic leukemia grows slowly. In acute leukemia, the cells are very abnormal and their number increases rapidly. Adults can get either type; children with leukemia most often have an acute type. Some leukemias can often be cured. Other types are hard to cure, but you can often control them. Treatments may include chemotherapy, radiation and stem cell transplantation. Even if symptoms disappear, you might need therapy to prevent a relapse.
NIH: National Cancer Institute
- New Drug Shows Promise for Rare Blood Cancers (06/29/2016, HealthDay)
Diagnosis and Tests
Treatments and Therapies
- Blood Transfusion (Leukemia & Lymphoma Society) - PDF
- Choosing a Blood Cancer Specialist (Leukemia & Lymphoma Society) - PDF
- Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Treatment (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Drugs Approved for Leukemia (National Cancer Institute)
- General Approach to Treatment of Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia (American Cancer Society)
- Hairy Cell Leukemia Treatment Option Overview (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Immunotherapy (Leukemia & Lymphoma Society) Also in Spanish
- Integrative Medicine and Complementary and Alternative Therapies (Leukemia & Lymphoma Society) Also in Spanish
- MedlinePlus: Bone Marrow Transplantation (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish
- Myelodysplastic/ Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Treatment (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Do We Know What Causes Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia? (American Cancer Society)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Improved In Vitro Antileukemic Activity of All-Trans Retinoic Acid Loaded...
- Article: Occupational Risk Factors of Lymphohematopoietic Cancer in Rayong Province, Thailand.
- Article: Docosahexaenoic Acid Sensitizes Leukemia Lymphocytes to Barasertib and Everolimus by...
- Leukemia -- see more articles
- Leukemia (National Cancer Institute)
- B-cell leukemia/lymphoma panel Also in Spanish
- Bone marrow transplant Also in Spanish
- Hairy cell leukemia Also in Spanish
- Leukemia Also in Spanish
- Understanding Chemotherapy (National Cancer Institute) - PDF Also in Spanish
- What to Know about External Beam Radiation Therapy (National Cancer Institute) - PDF Also in Spanish