A hysterectomy is surgery to remove a woman's uterus or womb. The uterus is the place where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant. After a hysterectomy, you no longer have menstrual periods and can't become pregnant. Sometimes the surgery also removes the ovaries and fallopian tubes. If you have both ovaries taken out, you will enter menopause.
Your health care provider might recommend a hysterectomy if you have
- Endometriosis that hasn't been cured by medicine or surgery
- Uterine prolapse - when the uterus drops into the vagina
- Cancer of the uterine, cervix, or ovaries
- Vaginal bleeding that persists despite treatment
- Chronic pelvic pain, as a last resort
Dept. of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health
- Ovarian Cancer: Still Possible After Hysterectomy? (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Pap Smear: Still Needed after Hysterectomy? (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Hysterectomy (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Prevalence of Hysterectomy among Gynecological Surgeries in a Tertiary Care Hospital.
- Article: Analysis of the Association between Female Medical History and Thyroid Cancer...
- Article: Pregnancy-Related Hysterectomy for Peripartum Hemorrhage: A Literature Narrative Review of the...
- Hysterectomy -- see more articles
- Female Reproductive System (National Cancer Institute)
Find an Expert
- Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women's Health Also in Spanish
- Find an Ob-Gyn (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists)