A bone graft transplants bone tissue. Surgeons use bone grafts to repair and rebuild diseased bones in your hips, knees, spine, and sometimes other bones and joints. Grafts can also repair bone loss caused by some types of fractures (broken bones) or cancers. Once your body accepts the bone graft, it provides a framework for growth of new, living bone.
If the transplanted bone comes from another person, it is called an allograft. Most allograft bone comes from donors who have died. Tissue banks screen these donors and disinfect and test the donated bone to make sure it is safe to use. If the transplanted bone comes from another part of your own body, it is called an autograft. Autograft bone often comes from your ribs, hips or a leg.
- Bone Graft Alternatives (North American Spine Society)
- Spinal fusion (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish
- Spinal fusion - slideshow (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Bone Transplantation (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Application of 3D Printing in Bone Grafts.
- Article: Innovative design of bone quality-targeted intervertebral spacer: accelerated functional fusion guiding...
- Article: Characterization of immunologically detectable T-cell sensitization, Immunohistochemical detection of pro-inflammatory cytokines,...
- Bone Grafts -- see more articles
- Bone graft (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish