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Is it hard for your child to sit still? Does your child act without thinking first? Does your child start but not finish things? If so, your child may have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Nearly everyone shows some of these behaviors at times, but ADHD lasts more than 6 months and causes problems in school, at home and in social situations.
ADHD is more common in boys than girls. It affects 3 to 5% of all American children.
The main features of ADHD are:
No one knows exactly what causes ADHD. It sometimes runs in families, so genetics may be a factor. There may also be environmental factors.
A complete evaluation by a trained professional is the only way to know for sure if your child has ADHD. Treatment may include medicine to control symptoms, therapy, or both. Structure at home and at school is important. Parent training may also help.
NIH: National Institute of Mental Health
- Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)
- Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (American Academy of Family Physicians)
- Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (National Institute of Mental Health)
- What Is ADHD? (Nemours Foundation) Also in Spanish
- Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Symptoms and Diagnosis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in Spanish
Treatments and Therapies
- Behavior Therapy for Children with ADHD (American Academy of Pediatrics) Also in Spanish
- My Child Has Been Diagnosed with ADHD - Now What? (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Stimulant ADHD Medications -- Methylphenidate and Amphetamines (National Institute on Drug Abuse) - PDF Also in Spanish
- Treating and Dealing with ADHD (Food and Drug Administration) Also in Spanish
- ADHD: Tips to Try (Nemours Foundation) Also in Spanish
- Getting Treatment for ADHD (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
- Individualized Education Plans (IEPs) (For Parents) (Nemours Foundation) Also in Spanish
- Parenting a Child with ADHD (Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder)
- College Students with ADHD (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
- Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: MedlinePlus Genetics (National Library of Medicine)
Statistics and Research
- Data and Statistics about ADHD (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Faststats: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (National Center for Health Statistics)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Behavior Management Training for Parents of Children with Preschool ADHD Based...
- Article: Transcranial random noise stimulation combined with cognitive training for treating ADHD:...
- Article: Single-dose effects of methylphenidate and atomoxetine on functional connectivity during an...
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder -- see more articles
Find an Expert
- American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
- Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
- FindTreatment.gov (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration)
- National Institute of Mental Health Also in Spanish
- Psychologist Locator (American Psychological Association)
- ADHD (Nemours Foundation)
- Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Teens: What You Need to Know (National Institute of Mental Health) Also in Spanish
- Kids' Quest: ADHD (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Girls and ADHD (American Academy of Pediatrics)
- Women and Girls (With ADHD) (Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder)
- Adult Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Adults: What You Need to Know (National Institute of Mental Health) Also in Spanish
- Relationships and Social Skills (Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder)