Anabolic steroids are man-made substances related to male sex hormones. Doctors use anabolic steroids to treat some hormone problems in men, delayed puberty, and muscle loss from some diseases.
Bodybuilders and athletes often use anabolic steroids to build muscles and improve athletic performance. Using them this way is not legal or safe. Abuse of anabolic steroids has been linked with many health problems. They include
- Breast growth and shrinking of testicles in men
- Voice deepening and growth of facial hair in women
- High blood pressure
- Heart problems, including heart attack
- Liver disease, including cancer
- Kidney damage
- Aggressive behavior
NIH: National Institute on Drug Abuse
- Anabolic Steroids (For Teens) (National Institute on Drug Abuse)
- Are Steroids Worth the Risk? (Nemours Foundation) Also in Spanish
- Drug Enforcement Administration
- Drug Facts: Anabolic Steroids (National Institute on Drug Abuse) Also in Spanish
- Mind Over Matter: Anabolic Steroids (National Institute on Drug Abuse)
- Performance-Enhancing Drugs and Teen Athletes (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Performance-Enhancing Drugs: Know the Risks (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Steroids (Nemours Foundation)
- Steroids (Drug Enforcement Administration)
- Steroids (For Parents) (Nemours Foundation)
- Substance Abuse Treatment Facility Locator (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration)
- Teens and Steroids: A Dangerous Combo (Food and Drug Administration) Also in Spanish
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Stanozolol promotes osteogenic gene expression and apposition of bone mineral...
- Article: Anabolic Androgenic Steroid Abuse: The Effects on Thrombosis Risk, Coagulation,...
- Article: Appearance/Image- and Performance-Enhancing Drug Users: A Forensic Approach.
- Anabolic Steroids -- see more articles
Find an Expert
- Behavioral Health and Substance Abuse Treatment Services Locator (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration)