Amyloidosis occurs when abnormal proteins called amyloids build up and form deposits. The deposits can collect in organs such as the kidney and heart. This can cause the organs to become stiff and unable to work the way they should.
There are three main types of amyloidosis:
- Primary - with no known cause
- Secondary - caused by another disease, including some types of cancer
- Familial - passed down through genes
Symptoms can vary, depending upon which organs are affected. Treatment depends on the type of amyloidosis you have. The goal is to help with symptoms and limit the production of proteins. If another disease is the cause, it needs to be treated.
Diagnosis and Tests
- Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
- Serum Free Light Chains (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
- Urine Protein and Urine Protein to Creatinine Ratio (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
- AL Amyloidosis and Agent Orange (Department of Veterans Affairs)
- General Information about Plasma Cell Neoplasms (Including Multiple Myeloma) (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Cardiac Amyloidosis (American Heart Association)
- Genetics Home Reference: hereditary cerebral amyloid angiopathy (National Library of Medicine)
- Genetics Home Reference: lattice corneal dystrophy type II (National Library of Medicine)
- Genetics Home Reference: primary localized cutaneous amyloidosis (National Library of Medicine)
- Genetics Home Reference: transthyretin amyloidosis (National Library of Medicine)
- Genetics Home Reference: tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (National Library of Medicine)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Amyloidosis (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Protein Misfolding, Amyloid Formation, and Human Disease: A Summary of...
- Article: Early skin denervation in hereditary and iatrogenic transthyretin amyloid neuropathy.
- Article: Distribution of lacunes in cerebral amyloid angiopathy and hypertensive small...
- Amyloidosis -- see more articles