Scoliosis causes a sideways curve of your backbone, or spine. These curves are often S- or C-shaped. Scoliosis is most common in late childhood and the early teens, when children grow fast. Girls are more likely to have it than boys. It can run in families. Symptoms include leaning to one side and having uneven shoulders and hips. Sometimes it is easy to notice, but not always.
Children may get screening for scoliosis at school or during a checkup. If it looks like there is a problem, your doctor will use your medical and family history, a physical exam, and imaging tests to make a diagnosis. Treatment depends on your age, how much more you're likely to grow, how much curving there is, and whether the curve is temporary or permanent. People with mild scoliosis might only need checkups to see if the curve is getting worse. Others might need to wear a brace or have surgery.
NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
Diagnosis and Tests
- X-Ray Exam: Scoliosis (Nemours Foundation)
- Thoracic Insufficiency Syndrome (Scoliosis Research Society)
- Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: MedlinePlus Genetics (National Library of Medicine)
- Horizontal gaze palsy with progressive scoliosis: MedlinePlus Genetics (National Library of Medicine)
- Spondylocostal dysostosis: MedlinePlus Genetics (National Library of Medicine)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Scoliosis (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Navigation-Assisted One-Staged Posterior Spinal Fusion Using Pedicle Screw Instrumentation in Adolescent...
- Article: Kinematic difference and asymmetries during level walking in adolescent patients with...
- Article: Hip-sacroiliac joint-spine syndrome in total hip arthroplasty patients.
- Scoliosis -- see more articles
Find an Expert
- Early Onset Scoliosis (Scoliosis Research Society)