Salmonella is the name of a group of bacteria. In the United States, it is a common cause of foodborne illness. Salmonella occurs in raw poultry, eggs, beef, and sometimes on unwashed fruit and vegetables. You also can get infected after handling pets, especially reptiles like snakes, turtles, and lizards.
- Abdominal cramps
- Possible nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite
Symptoms usually last 4-7 days. Your health care provider diagnoses the infection with a stool test. Most people get better without treatment. Infection can be more serious in the elderly, infants, and people with chronic health problems. If Salmonella gets into the bloodstream, it can be serious. The usual treatment is antibiotics.
Typhoid fever, a more serious disease caused by Salmonella, is not common in the United States. It frequently occurs in developing countries.
NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Prevention and Risk Factors
- Enjoying Homemade Ice Cream without the Risk of Salmonella Infection (Food and Drug Administration)
- Salmonella Prevention (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Shell Eggs from Farm to Table (Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service) Also in Spanish
- Tips to Reduce Your Risk of Salmonella from Eggs (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in Spanish
- Typhoid Vaccine (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - PDF Also in Spanish
- Salmonella Is a Sneaky Germ: Seven Tips for Safer Eating (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Travelers' Health: Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fever (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Typhoid Fever (Logical Images)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Salmonella Typhimurium metabolism affects virulence in the host - A...
- Article: New paradigms for Salmonella source attribution based on microbial subtyping.
- Article: Salmonella epidemiology: A whirlwind of change.
- Salmonella Infections -- see more articles
- Salmonella food poisoning -- see more articles
- Typhoid fever -- see more articles
- Salmonella Infections (For Parents) (Nemours Foundation)
- Salmonellosis (Nemours Foundation)
- Pregnancy Complications: Salmonellosis (March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation)