Heroin is a white or brown powder or a black, sticky goo. It's an opioid drug made from morphine, a natural substance in the seedpod of the Asian poppy plant. It can be mixed with water and injected with a needle. Heroin can also be smoked or snorted up the nose. All of these ways of taking heroin send it to the brain very quickly. This makes it very addictive.
Major health problems from heroin include miscarriages, heart infections, and death from overdose. People who inject the drug also risk getting infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS and hepatitis.
Regular use of heroin can lead to tolerance. This means users need more and more drug to have the same effect. At higher doses over time, the body becomes dependent on heroin. If dependent users stop heroin, they have withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms include restlessness, muscle and bone pain, diarrhea and vomiting, and cold flashes with goose bumps.
NIH: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Treatments and Therapies
- Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction (National Institute on Drug Abuse) Also in Spanish
- What Can Be Done for a Heroin Overdose? (National Institute on Drug Abuse) Also in Spanish
- What Is Substance Abuse Treatment? A Booklet for Families (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration) - PDF Also in Spanish
- Heroin Photos (Drug Enforcement Administration)
Statistics and Research
- Abuse of Prescription Pain Medications Risks Heroin Use (National Institute on Drug Abuse) - PDF
- Heroin (National Institute on Drug Abuse)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Chromatin accessibility mapping of the striatum identifies tyrosine kinase FYN as...
- Article: Association studies of dopamine synthesis and metabolism genes with multiple phenotypes...
- Article: Significant association of <i>DRD2</i> and <i>ANKK1</i> genes with rural heroin dependence...
- Heroin -- see more articles
Find an Expert
- Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration)
- Drug Enforcement Administration
- National Institute on Drug Abuse Also in Spanish
- Opioid Treatment Program Directory (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration)
- Partnership to End Addiction