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Diabetes by itself puts you at risk for heart disease. Other risk factors include
- Family history of heart disease
- Carrying extra weight around the waist
- Abnormal cholesterol levels
- High blood pressure
Some people who have diabetic heart disease have no signs or symptoms of heart disease. Others have some or all of the symptoms of heart disease.
Treatments include medications to treat heart damage or to lower your blood glucose (blood sugar), blood pressure, and cholesterol. If you are not already taking a low dose of aspirin every day, your doctor may suggest it. You also may need surgery or some other medical procedure. Lifestyle changes also help. These include a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight, being physically active, and quitting smoking.
NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Diagnosis and Tests
- Heart Health Tests for Diabetes Patients (American Heart Association)
Prevention and Risk Factors
- Taking Aspirin to Protect Your Heart (American Diabetes Association) - PDF
- Taking Care of Your Diabetes Means Taking Care of Your Heart (Tip Sheet) (National Diabetes Education Program) - PDF
- Taking Care of Your Heart (American Diabetes Association) - PDF
Treatments and Therapies
- Medical Tests and Procedures for Finding and Treating Heart and Blood Vessel Disease (American Diabetes Association) - PDF
- Cook with Heart-Healthy Foods (American Diabetes Association) Also in Spanish
- Diabetes-Friendly Recipes (American Heart Association)
- Protect Your Heart: Check Food Labels to Make Heart-Healthy Choices (American Diabetes Association) - PDF
- Protect Your Heart: Choose Healthy Fats (American Diabetes Association) - PDF
- Protect Your Heart: Make Smart Food Choices (American Diabetes Association) - PDF
Statistics and Research
- Link between Hypoglycemia and Cardiac Arrhythmias: An Answer to Why Tight Glycemic Control May Increase Mortality in People with Diabetes (American Diabetes Association)
- Patient Access to Research (American Diabetes Association)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Coronary artery disease: New Insights into revascularization treatment of diabetic...
- Article: Effect of lanthanum carbonate on coronary artery calcification and bone...
- Article: Combination of Ewing test, heart rate variability, and heart rate...
- Diabetic Heart Disease -- see more articles
- Major Risk Factors for Heart Disease: Diabetes (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)