The vulva is the external part of a woman's genitals. Some problems you can have with the vulvar area include
- Vaginitis or vulvovaginitis, swelling or infection of the vulva and vagina
- Skin problems due to allergy
- Vulvar cancer
- Vulvodynia, or vulvar pain
Symptoms may include redness, itching, pain, or cracks in the skin. Treatment depends on the cause.
Diagnosis and Tests
- About Vulvodynia: Diagnosis (National Vulvodynia Association)
Prevention and Risk Factors
- Vulvar Care (American College of Nurse-Midwives) - PDF
- Self-Help Tips for Vulvar Skin Care (National Vulvodynia Association)
- Bartholin Cyst (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Lichen Sclerosus (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Vulvodynia (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development)
- Vulvodynia FAQ (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists) - PDF Also in Spanish
- What Is Lichen Sclerosus? (National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases) Also in Spanish
- Yeast Infection (Vaginal) (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Genitourinary syndrome of menopause: hard to communicate, easy to treat.
- Article: Genomic Profiling of Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus Patients Shows Possible Pathogenetic Disease...
- Article: The Female Genital Self-image Scale in Adult Women With Vulvar Lichen...
- Vulvar Disorders -- see more articles
- Vulva Anatomy (National Cancer Institute)
Find an Expert
- Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) Also in Spanish
- Labial Adhesions: A Guide for Parents (Children's Hospital Boston)
- Lichen Sclerosus (Children's Hospital Boston)