Tubal ligation (getting your "tubes tied") is a type of surgery. It prevents a woman from getting pregnant. It is a permanent form of birth control, and is effective right away.
The surgery cuts, ties, or seals the fallopian tubes. This blocks the path between the ovaries and the uterus. The sperm cannot reach the egg to fertilize it, and the egg cannot reach the uterus. You get the surgery in a hospital or outpatient surgical center. It usually takes about 30 minutes. Almost all women go home the same day. They can return to most normal activities within a few days.
Tubal ligation can sometimes be reversed. The reversal is major surgery, and does not always work.
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Effect comparison of salpingectomy versus proximal tubal occlusion on ovarian reserve:...
- Article: Results of the Insertion of Hysteroscopic Sterilization Devices in a Brazilian...
- Article: Laparoscopic Tubal Re-anastomosis or In Vitro Fertilisation in Previously Ligated Patients:...
- Tubal Ligation -- see more articles
Find an Expert
- Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Also in Spanish
- womenshealth.gov (Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women's Health) Also in Spanish
- Female Sterilization (Tubal Ligation) (Boston Children's Hospital)