A sterilization surgery is a procedure done to permanently prevent future pregnancies.
The following information is about deciding to have a sterilization surgery.
Sterilization surgery is a procedure to permanently prevent reproduction.
- Surgery in women is called tubal ligation.
- Surgery in men is called a vasectomy.
People who do not want to have any more children may choose to have sterilization surgery. However, some may regret the decision later. Men or women who are younger at the time they have surgery are more likely to change their minds and want children in the future. Even though either procedure can sometimes be reversed, both must be considered permanent forms of birth control.
When deciding if you want to have a sterilization procedure, it is important to consider:
- Whether or not you want any more children in the future
- What you might want to do if something were to happen to your spouse or any of your children
If you answered that you might want to have another child, then sterilization is not the best option for you.
There are other options for preventing pregnancy that are not permanent. Talk to your health care provider about all the options available to you before making the decision to have a sterilization procedure.
Deciding to have sterilization surgery
Isley MM. Postpartum care and long-term health considerations. In: Landon MB, Galan HL, Jauniaux ERM, et al, eds. Gabbe's Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 24.
Rivlin K, Davis AR. Contraception and abortion. In: Gershenson DM, Lentz GM, Valea FA, Lobo RA, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2022:chap 13.
Review Date 1/10/2022
Updated by: John D. Jacobson, MD, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.