The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) connects your jaw to the side of your head. When it works well, it enables you to talk, chew, and yawn. For people with TMJ dysfunction, problems with the joint and muscles around it may cause
- Pain that travels through the face, jaw, or neck
- Stiff jaw muscles
- Limited movement or locking of the jaw
- Painful clicking or popping in the jaw
- A change in the way the upper and lower teeth fit together
Jaw pain may go away with little or no treatment. Treatment may include simple things you can do yourself, such as eating soft foods or applying ice packs. It may also include pain medicines or devices to insert in your mouth. In very rare cases, you might need surgery.
NIH: National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
- Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (Academy of General Dentistry)
- TMJ (American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery)
- TMJ (American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons) - PDF
- TMJ Disorders (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- TMJ Disorders (National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research)
Treatments and Therapies
- Less Is Often Best in Treating TMJ Disorders (National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research)
- Genetics Home Reference: auriculo-condylar syndrome (National Library of Medicine)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Temporomandibular Joint Disorders (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: The analgesic effect of photobiomodulation therapy (830 nm) on the...
- Article: Effectiveness of Intra-Articular Injections of Sodium Hyaluronate or Corticosteroids for...
- Article: Non-specific effects and clusters of women with painful TMD responders...
- Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction -- see more articles