Tinnitus is often described as a ringing in the ears. It also can sound like roaring, clicking, hissing, or buzzing. It may be soft or loud, high pitched or low pitched. You might hear it in either one or both ears.
Millions of Americans have tinnitus. People with severe tinnitus may have trouble hearing, working or even sleeping.
Causes of tinnitus include
- Hearing loss in older people
- Exposure to loud noises
- Ear and sinus infections
- Heart or blood vessel problems
- Meniere's disease
- Brain tumors
- Hormonal changes in women
- Thyroid problems
- Certain medicines
Treatment depends on the cause. Treatments may include hearing aids, sound-masking devices, medicines, and ways to learn how to cope with the noise.
NIH: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
- Tinnitus Patient Navigator (American Tinnitus Association)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Tinnitus (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Reliability and validity of the mandarin version of the tinnitus primary...
- Article: Phantom Perception of Sound and the Abnormal Cortical Inhibition System: An...
- Article: Association Between Tinnitus and Temporomandibular Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
- Tinnitus -- see more articles
Find an Expert
- American Tinnitus Association
- Find an Audiologist (American Academy of Audiology)
- Find an ENT (American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery)
- National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
- Support Group Directory (Vestibular Disorders Association)