Tinnitus is often described as a ringing in the ears. It also can sound like roaring, clicking, hissing, or buzzing. It may be soft or loud, high pitched or low pitched. You might hear it in either one or both ears.
Millions of Americans have tinnitus. People with severe tinnitus may have trouble hearing, working or even sleeping.
Causes of tinnitus include
- Hearing loss in older people
- Exposure to loud noises
- Ear and sinus infections
- Heart or blood vessel problems
- Meniere's disease
- Brain tumors
- Hormonal changes in women
- Thyroid problems
- Certain medicines
Treatment depends on the cause. Treatments may include hearing aids, sound-masking devices, medicines, and ways to learn how to cope with the noise.
NIH: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
Prevention and Risk Factors
- Noise and Hearing Protection (American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery)
- Patient Roadmap (American Tinnitus Association)
- Hyperacusis: An Increased Sensitivity to Everyday Sounds (American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery)
Health Check Tools
- Noises in the Ears (DSHI Systems)
Statistics and Research
- Can Magnetic Coil Ease Tinnitus? (Department of Veterans Affairs)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Tinnitus (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Accidental hydroxychloroquine overdose resulting in neurotoxic vestibulopathy.
- Article: Evidence for Behaviorally Segregated, Spatiotemporally Overlapping Subnetworks in Phantom Sound...
- Article: Pre- and post-operative dizziness, tinnitus, and taste disturbances among cochlear...
- Tinnitus -- see more articles
Find an Expert
- American Tinnitus Association
- Find an Audiologist (American Academy of Audiology)
- Find an ENT (American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery)
- National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
- Support Group Directory (Vestibular Disorders Association)