Sports can be a great way to get in shape or stay that way. Having a specific goal can be a great motivator. Physically, you need strength and endurance. Your training will vary with your sport. You would not train the same way for pole vaulting as for swimming. You might, however, cross train. Cross training simply means that you include a variety of fitness activities in your program. Research shows that cross training builds stronger bones.
Remember to listen to your body. If you frequently feel exhausted or you are in pain, you may be overdoing it. Injuries can be the result. And be sure that you use your body and your equipment safely. What you eat and drink is also important. Water is the most important nutrient for active people. Drink it before, during and after workouts.
- 5K Run: 7-Week Training Schedule for Beginners (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Carbohydrate-Loading Diet (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Performance-Enhancing Drugs: Know the Risks (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Stretching Safely and Effectively (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Weight Training: Do's and Don'ts of Proper Technique (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
Statistics and Research
- FastStats: Exercise or Physical Activity (National Center for Health Statistics)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Sports Medicine (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Evidence-based Risk Stratification for Sport Medicine Procedures During the COVID-19 Pandemic.
- Article: Investigating correlates of athletic identity and sport-related injury outcomes: a scoping...
- Article: Considerations for Pediatric Retirement from Athletics Following Repetitive Concussive Traumatic Brain...
- Sports Fitness -- see more articles
- Definitions of Health Terms: Fitness (National Library of Medicine)
Find an Expert
- American College of Sports Medicine
- National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Also in Spanish
- President's Council on Sports, Fitness & Nutrition (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion)