The ovaries are part of the female reproductive system. Women have two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus. Each ovary is about the size and shape of an almond.
The ovaries produce and store a woman's eggs. During ovulation, an ovary releases an egg. If that egg is fertilized by a sperm, a pregnancy can occur. Ovaries also make the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. When a woman goes through menopause, her ovaries stop making those hormones and releasing eggs.
Problems with the ovaries include
Treatments and Therapies
- Chronic pelvic pain (pelvic congestion syndrome) (Society of Interventional Radiology)
- Adnexal Torsion (Merck & Co., Inc.)
- Genetics Home Reference: fragile X-associated primary ovarian insufficiency (National Library of Medicine)
- Genetics Home Reference: Perrault syndrome (National Library of Medicine)
Videos and Tutorials
- Scarless Hysterectomy (BroadcastMed) - Baptist Hospital, Miami, FL, 10/17/2013
Statistics and Research
- Restoring Bone Density in Women with Ovarian Disorder (National Institutes of Health)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Ovarian Diseases (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Mild stimulation for in vitro fertilization.
- Article: Severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome modifies early maternal serum beta-human chorionic...
- Article: Hormone replacement therapy after risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy minimises endocrine and sexual...
- Ovarian Disorders -- see more articles
- Normal Female Reproductive Anatomy (National Cancer Institute)
Find an Expert
- Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) Also in Spanish
- womenshealth.gov (Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women's Health) Also in Spanish