MRSA stands for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. It causes a staph infection (pronounced "staff infection") that is resistant to several common antibiotics. There are two types of infection. Hospital-associated MRSA happens to people in health care settings. Community-associated MRSA happens to people who have close skin-to-skin contact with others, such as athletes involved in football and wrestling.
Infection control is key to stopping MRSA in hospitals. To prevent community-associated MRSA:
- Practice good hygiene
- Keep cuts and scrapes clean and covered with a bandage until healed
- Avoid contact with other people's wounds or bandages
- Avoid sharing personal items, such as towels, washcloths, razors, or clothes
- Wash soiled sheets, towels, and clothes in hot water with bleach and dry in a hot dryer
If a wound appears to be infected, see a health care provider. Treatments may include draining the infection and antibiotics.
Prevention and Risk Factors
- Cleaning and Disinfection for MRSA (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- MRSA Prevention Information and Advice for Athletes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Abscess (VisualDX)
- Antimicrobial Resistance Threats (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases)
- General Information about MRSA in Healthcare Settings (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- General Information about MRSA in the Community (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Infections Unlikely to be Spread Through Swimming Pools (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in Spanish
- Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) (Cystic Fibrosis Foundation)
- MRSA and the Workplace (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) Also in Spanish
- Preventing the Spread of MRSA in Healthcare Settings (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Seasonal Flu and Staph Infection (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in Spanish
- Photos of MRSA Infections (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Risk Factors for Nephrotoxicity in Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Bacteraemia: A Post...
- Article: Fully Automated EUCAST Rapid Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (RAST) from Positive Blood...
- Article: Norvancomycin for the treatment of central nervous system MRSA infections: A...
- MRSA -- see more articles