A mastectomy is surgery to remove a breast or part of a breast. It is usually done to treat breast cancer. Types of breast surgery include:
- Total (simple) mastectomy - removal of breast tissue and nipple
- Modified radical mastectomy - removal of the breast, most of the lymph nodes under the arm, and often the lining over the chest muscles
- Lumpectomy - surgery to remove the tumor and a small amount of normal tissue around it
Which surgery you have depends on the stage of cancer, size of the tumor, size of the breast, and whether the lymph nodes are involved. Many women have breast reconstruction to rebuild the breast after a mastectomy.
Sometimes mastectomy is done to prevent breast cancer. Only high-risk patients have this type of surgery.
NIH: National Cancer Institute
- Breast Cancer Surgery (Susan G. Komen for the Cure) - PDF
- Mastectomy (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Mastectomy -- The Surgical Procedure (Susan G. Komen for the Cure)
- Surgery Choices for Women with DCIS or Breast Cancer (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Surgery for Breast Cancer (American Cancer Society) Also in Spanish
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Mastectomy (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Efficacy of a 4-Week Nurse-Led Exercise Rehabilitation Program in Improving the...
- Article: Comparison of the Thermal Reaction of Patients after Conserving Procedures and...
- Article: Preserving Nipple Sensitivity after Breast Cancer Surgery: A Systematic Review and...
- Mastectomy -- see more articles