If you need a mastectomy, you have a choice about whether or not to have surgery to rebuild the shape of the breast. Instead of breast reconstruction, you could choose to wear a breast form that replaces the breast, wear padding inside your bra, or do nothing. All of these options have pros and cons. What is right for one woman may not be right for another.
Breast reconstruction may be done at the same time as the mastectomy, or it may be done later on. If radiation therapy is part of the treatment plan, your doctor may suggest waiting until after radiation therapy.
If you're thinking about breast reconstruction, talk to a plastic surgeon before the mastectomy, even if you plan to have your reconstruction later on.
A surgeon can reconstruct the breast in many ways. Some women choose to have breast implants, which are filled with saline or silicone gel. Another method uses tissue taken from another part of your body. The plastic surgeon can take skin, muscle, and fat from your lower abdomen, back, or buttocks.
The type of reconstruction that is best for you depends on your age, body type, and the type of cancer surgery that you had. A plastic surgeon can help you decide.
NIH: National Cancer Institute
- Breast Reconstruction Alternatives (American Cancer Society) Also in Spanish
- Breast Reconstruction and Prosthesis (Susan G. Komen for the Cure) - PDF
- Choosing a Breast Reconstruction Surgeon and Questions to Ask (American Cancer Society) Also in Spanish
- Risks of Breast Implants (Food and Drug Administration)
- Types of Breast Implants (Food and Drug Administration)
- Breast Implants: Saline vs. Silicone (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Breast Reconstruction Options (American Cancer Society) Also in Spanish
- Breast Reconstruction with Flap Surgery (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Breast Reconstruction with Implants (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Preparing for Breast Reconstruction Surgery (American Cancer Society) Also in Spanish
- Should I Have Breast Reconstruction? (American Cancer Society) Also in Spanish
- What to Expect After Breast Reconstruction Surgery (American Cancer Society)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Patterns and Correlates of Knowledge, Communication, and Receipt of Breast Reconstruction...
- Article: Sensory Recovery of the Breast following Innervated and Noninnervated DIEP Flap...
- Article: Survival and Disease Recurrence Rates among Breast Cancer Patients following Mastectomy...
- Breast Reconstruction -- see more articles
- Breast implants -- see more articles