Infectious mononucleosis, or "mono", is an infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. The virus spreads through saliva, which is why it's sometimes called "kissing disease." Mono occurs most often in teens and young adults. However, you can get it at any age. Symptoms of mono include
- Sore throat
- Swollen lymph glands
Sometimes you may also have a swollen spleen. Serious problems are rare.
A blood test can show if you have mono. Most people get better in two to four weeks. However, you may feel tired for a few months afterward. Treatment focuses on helping symptoms and includes medicines for pain and fever, warm salt water gargles and plenty of rest and fluids.
Diagnosis and Tests
- Epstein-Barr Virus Antibodies Test (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
- Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) Isoenzymes Test (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish
- Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) Test (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish
- Mononucleosis (Mono) Tests (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Clinical warning of hemophagocytic syndrome caused by Epstein-Barr virus.
- Article: TLR4 896A/G and TLR9 1174G/A polymorphisms are associated with the risk...
- Article: Genotypes of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV1/EBV2) in individuals with infectious mononucleosis in...
- Infectious Mononucleosis -- see more articles