Infectious mononucleosis, or "mono", is an infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. The virus spreads through saliva, which is why it's sometimes called "kissing disease." Mono occurs most often in teens and young adults. However, you can get it at any age. Symptoms of mono include
- Sore throat
- Swollen lymph glands
Sometimes you may also have a swollen spleen. Serious problems are rare.
A blood test can show if you have mono. Most people get better in two to four weeks. However, you may feel tired for a few months afterward. Treatment focuses on helping symptoms and includes medicines for pain and fever, warm salt water gargles and plenty of rest and fluids.
- Genetics Home Reference: X-linked lymphoproliferative disease (National Library of Medicine)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Dual Infection with Hepatitis B and Epstein-Barr Virus Presenting with...
- Article: Atraumatic splenic rupture secondary to Epstein-Barr virus infection.
- Article: Comprehensive assessment of peripheral blood TCRβ repertoire in infectious mononucleosis...
- Infectious Mononucleosis -- see more articles
- Epstein-Barr virus infections -- see more articles