A fistula is an abnormal connection between two parts inside of the body. Fistulas may develop between different organs, such as between the esophagus and the windpipe or the bowel and the vagina. They can also develop between two blood vessels, such as between an artery and a vein or between two arteries.
Some people are born with a fistula. Other common causes of fistulas include
Treatment depends on the cause of the fistula, where it is, and how bad it is. Some fistulas will close on their own. In some cases, you may need antibiotics and/or surgery.
Diagnosis and Tests
- CT Enterography (American College of Radiology, Radiological Society of North America) Also in Spanish
- Fistulogram/Sinogram (American College of Radiology, Radiological Society of North America) Also in Spanish
- Lower GI Series (Barium Enema) (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) Also in Spanish
- MR Enterography (American College of Radiology, Radiological Society of North America) Also in Spanish
- Anal Abscess/Fistula (American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons)
- Anatomic Problems of the Lower GI Tract (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
- Arteriovenous Fistula (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Arteriovenous Malformations and Other Vascular Lesions of the Central Nervous System (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) Also in Spanish
- Perilymph Fistula (Vestibular Disorders Association)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Fistula (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Randomized clinical trial of duct-to-mucosa versus invagination pancreaticojejunostomy after pancreatoduodenectomy.
- Article: Epicardial 15-MHz Echocardiography for Effective Repair of Coronary Arteriovenous Fistula.
- Article: What happens after a failed LIFT for anal fistula?
- Fistulas -- see more articles