The structure of your face helps protect your eyes from injury. Still, injuries can damage your eye, sometimes severely enough that you could lose your vision. Most eye injuries are preventable. If you play sports or work in certain jobs, you may need protection.
The most common type of injury happens when something irritates the outer surface of your eye. Certain jobs such as industrial jobs or hobbies such as carpentry make this type of injury more likely. It's also more likely if you wear contact lenses.
Chemicals or heat can burn your eyes. With chemicals, the pain may cause you to close your eyes. This traps the irritant next to the eye and may cause more damage. You should wash out your eye right away while you wait for medical help.
Diagnosis and Tests
- Dilating Eye Drops (American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus)
Prevention and Risk Factors
- Auto Battery Safety Facts (Prevent Blindness America) - PDF
- Preventing Eye Injuries (American Academy of Ophthalmology)
- Protective Eyewear (American Academy of Ophthalmology) Also in Spanish
- Selecting PPE for the Workplace (Personal Protective Equipment for the Eyes and Face) (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)
- Black Eye (American Academy of Ophthalmology) Also in Spanish
- Corneal Laceration (American Academy of Ophthalmology) Also in Spanish
- Eye Injuries at Home (American Academy of Ophthalmology) Also in Spanish
- Eye Injuries at Work (American Academy of Ophthalmology) Also in Spanish
- Eye Injuries in Construction (Center to Protect Workers' Rights) - PDF Also in Spanish
- Eye Injuries in Sports (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in Spanish
- Hyphema (American Academy of Ophthalmology) Also in Spanish
- Macular Pucker (National Eye Institute)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Eye Injuries (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Epidemiology of eye injuries in a high-income developing country: An observational...
- Article: Traumatic Luxation of the Eye Ball with Optic Nerve Transection Following...
- Article: Foveal choroidal neovascularization secondary to accidental laser exposure in a dermatologist:...
- Eye Injuries -- see more articles
- About the Eye (National Eye Institute)
- First Aid: Eye Injuries (Nemours Foundation)
- For Parents, Teachers and Coaches: About Sports Eye Injury and Protective Eyewear (National Eye Institute) - PDF
- Leading Cause of Eye Injuries in School-Aged Children are Sports-Related (Prevent Blindness America)
- Pediatric Ocular Trauma (American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus)