The structure of your face helps protect your eyes from injury. Still, injuries can damage your eye, sometimes severely enough that you could lose your vision. Most eye injuries are preventable. If you play sports or work in certain jobs, you may need protection.
The most common type of injury happens when something irritates the outer surface of your eye. Certain jobs such as industrial jobs or hobbies such as carpentry make this type of injury more likely. It's also more likely if you wear contact lenses.
Chemicals or heat can burn your eyes. With chemicals, the pain may cause you to close your eyes. This traps the irritant next to the eye and may cause more damage. You should wash out your eye right away while you wait for medical help.
Diagnosis and Tests
- Dilating Eye Drops (American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus)
- Black Eye (American Academy of Ophthalmology) Also in Spanish
- Corneal Laceration (American Academy of Ophthalmology) Also in Spanish
- Eye Injuries at Home (American Academy of Ophthalmology) Also in Spanish
- Eye Injuries at Work (American Academy of Ophthalmology) Also in Spanish
- Macular Pucker (National Eye Institute)
- What Is Hyphema? (American Academy of Ophthalmology) Also in Spanish
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Eye Injuries (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- About the Eye (National Eye Institute)
- Corneal Abrasions (For Parents) (Nemours Foundation) Also in Spanish
- Sports and Eye Safety: Tips for Parents and Teachers (National Eye Institute)
- Colored Contact Lens Dangers (American Academy of Ophthalmology)