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Cancer of the eye is uncommon. It can affect the outer parts of the eye, such as the eyelid, which are made up of muscles, skin and nerves. If the cancer starts inside the eyeball it's called intraocular cancer. The most common intraocular cancers in adults are melanoma and lymphoma. The most common eye cancer in children is retinoblastoma, which starts in the cells of the retina. Cancer can also spread to the eye from other parts of the body.
Treatment for eye cancer varies by the type and by how advanced it is. It may include surgery, radiation therapy, freezing or heat therapy, or laser therapy.
Prevention and Risk Factors
- What Are the Risk Factors for Eye Cancer? (American Cancer Society)
Treatments and Therapies
- Treatment Option Overview (Intraocular [Uveal] Melanoma) (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Treatment Option Overview (Retinoblastoma) (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Treatment Options for Intraocular (Uveal) Melanoma (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Treatment Options for Retinoblastoma (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- What Happens After Treatment for Eye Cancer? (American Cancer Society)
- Cancers Affecting the Retina (Merck & Co., Inc.)
- Genetics Home Reference: retinoblastoma (National Library of Medicine)
- Eyelid Growths (Merck & Co., Inc.)
Statistics and Research
- What's New In Eye Cancer Research and Treatment? (American Cancer Society)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Practice Patterns Analysis of Ocular Proton Therapy Centers: The International...
- Article: Epithelial, non-melanocytic and melanocytic proliferations of the ocular surface.
- Article: Role of microRNAs in primary central nervous system lymphomas.
- Eye Cancer -- see more articles
- Retinoblastoma -- see more articles
Find an Expert
- American Cancer Society
- Find a Cancer Doctor (American Society of Clinical Oncology)
- Find Services for People Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired (American Foundation for the Blind)
- National Cancer Institute Also in Spanish
- National Eye Institute
- Organizations That Offer Support Services (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- After chemotherapy - discharge Also in Spanish
- Lacrimal gland tumor Also in Spanish
- Melanoma of the eye Also in Spanish
- Retinoblastoma Also in Spanish
- Understanding Chemotherapy (National Cancer Institute) - PDF Also in Spanish
- What to Know about Brachytherapy (A Type of Internal Radiation Therapy) (National Cancer Institute) - PDF Also in Spanish
- What to Know about External Beam Radiation Therapy (National Cancer Institute) - PDF Also in Spanish