A hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus, resulting in the inability to become pregnant (sterility). May be done through the abdomen or the vagina.
Hysterectomy may be recommended for:
- Severe, long-term (chronic) infections (pelvic inflammatory disease)
- Severe inflammation of the lining of the uterus (endometriosis)
- Tumors in the uterus
- Uterine fibroids, cancer of the endometrium
- Cancer of the cervix, cancer of the ovary
- Severe, long-term (chronic) vaginal bleeding
Review Date 4/5/2016
Updated by: Irina Burd, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Gynecology and Obstetrics at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.