If fluid, such as blood, or air, gets into the pleural space, the lung can collapse, preventing adequate air exchange. Chest tubes are used to treat conditions that can cause the lung to collapse, such as:
- Air leaks from the lung into the chest (pneumothorax)
- Bleeding into the chest (hemothorax)
- After surgery or trauma in the chest (pneumothorax or hemothorax)
- Lung abscesses or pus in the chest (empyema)
Review Date 7/1/2020
Updated by: Jesse Borke, MD, FACEP, FAAEM, Attending Physician at FDR Medical Services/Millard Fillmore Suburban Hospital, Buffalo, NY. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.