Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii. More than 60 million people in the U.S. have the parasite. Most of them don't get sick. But the parasite causes serious problems for some people. These include people with weak immune systems and babies whose mothers become infected for the first time during pregnancy. Problems can include damage to the brain, eyes, and other organs.
You can get toxoplasmosis from :
- Waste from an infected cat
- Eating contaminated meat that is raw or not well cooked
- Using utensils or cutting boards after they've had contact with contaminated raw meat
- Drinking infected water
- Receiving an infected organ transplant or blood transfusion
Most people with toxoplasmosis don't need treatment. There are drugs to treat it for pregnant women and people with weak immune systems.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma infection) Disease Symptoms (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Prevention and Risk Factors
- Toxoplasmosis: An Important Message for Cat Owners (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - PDF
- Toxoplasmosis: Prevention and Control (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Treatments and Therapies
- Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma infection) Treatment (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Toxoplasmosis (and the Eye) (American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Toxoplasmosis (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Association between toxoplasmosis and autoimmune rheumatic diseases in Egyptian patients.
- Article: Intranasal immunisation with recombinant Toxoplasma gondii uridine phosphorylase confers resistance against...
- Article: Trypanosoma cruzi P21 recombinant protein modulates Toxoplasma gondii infection in different...
- Toxoplasmosis -- see more articles