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Aceite De Palma

¿Qué es?

El aceite de palma se obtiene del fruto de la palma.

El aceite de palma se utiliza para prevenir la deficiencia de vitamina A y para el tratamiento de la malaria, de la presión arterial alta y de la intoxicación por cianuro.

Como alimento, el aceite de palma se utiliza para freír.

Industrialmente, el aceite de palma se utiliza para la fabricación de cosméticos, jabones, pasta de dientes, ceras, lubricantes y tinta.

¿Qué tan efectivo es?

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database (La Base Exhaustiva de Datos de Medicamentos Naturales) clasifica la eficacia, basada en evidencia científica, de acuerdo a la siguiente escala: Eficaz, Probablemente Eficaz, Posiblemente Eficaz, Posiblemente Ineficaz, Probablemente Ineficaz, Ineficaz, e Insuficiente Evidencia para Hacer una Determinación.

La clasificación de la eficacia para este producto es la siguiente:

Posiblemente eficaz para...

  • Prevenir la falta de vitamina A (deficiencia de vitamina A). Existe cierta evidencia que indica, que la adición de aceite de palma a la dieta de las mujeres embarazadas y de los niños, en los países en desarrollo, podría reducir el riesgo de desarrollar deficiencia de vitamina A.

Posiblemente ineficaz para...

  • Colesterol alto. El consumo de aceite de palma como parte de un plan dietario específico no parece disminuir los niveles de colesterol en personas con colesterol alto. De hecho, cierta investigación sugiere que el aceite de palma podría aumentar los niveles de colesterol en comparación con otros aceites, como la soja, la canola y el aceite de girasol.
  • Paludismo. Cierta investigación sugiere que el consumo dietario de aceite de palma en niños menores de 5 años de edad en países en desarrollo no parece disminuir los síntomas de paludismo.

Insuficiente evidencia para hacer una determinación para...

  • Presión arterial alta.
  • Intoxicación por cianuro.
  • Agente de pérdida de peso.
  • Cáncer.
  • Antiedad.
  • Enfermedad cerebral.
  • Otras afecciones.
Se necesitan más pruebas para evaluar la eficacia del aceite de palma para estos usos.

¿Cómo funciona?

El aceite de palma contiene grasas saturadas e insaturadas, vitamina E y beta-caroteno. Podría tener efectos antioxidantes.

¿Hay preocupación por la seguridad de su uso?

El aceite de palma ES PROBABLEMENTE SEGURO cuando se consume en las cantidades que hay en los alimentos. ES POSIBLEMENTE SEGURO cuando los niños o los adultos lo toman como medicina por hasta 6 meses.

Advertencias y precauciones especiales:

Embarazo y lactancia: El aceite de palma ES POSIBLEMENTE SEGURO cuando se ingiere como medicmanrto durante el embarazo por hasta 6 meses.

¿Existen interacciones con medicamentos?

Moderadas
Tenga cuidado con esta combinación
Los medicamentos que disminuyen la coagulación de la sangre (Fármacos anticoagulantes/antiplaquetarios)
El aceite de palma podría aumentar la coagulación sanguínea. El tomar aceite de palma junto con medicamentos que disminuyen la coagulación podría reducir la efectividad de estos medicamentos.

Algunos medicamentos que retardan la coagulación sanguínea incluyen aspirina, clopidogrel (Plavix), diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam, otros), ibuprofeno (Advil, Motrin y otros), naproxeno (Anaprox, Naprosyn, otros), dalteparina (Fragmin), enoxaparina (Lovenox) heparina, warfarina (Coumadin) y otros.

¿Existen interacciones con hierbas y suplementos?

:
:

¿Existen interacciones con alimentos?

No se conoce ninguna interacción con alimentos.

¿Qué dosis se utiliza?

La siguiente dosis ha sido estudiada en investigaciones científicas:

POR VÍA ORAL:
  • Para la prevención de deficiencia de vitamina A: alrededor de 3 cucharadas (9 gramos) al día de aceite de palma para adultos y niños mayores de 5 años. Cerca de 4 cucharadas (12 gramos) por día para las mujeres embarazadas. Para los niños menores de 5 años, 2 cucharadas (6 gramos) por día.

Otros nombres

African Palm Oil, Crude Palm Oil, Elaeis guineensis, Elaeis melanococca, Fractionated Palm Kernel Oil, Huile de Palme, Huile de Palme Brute, Huile de Palme Rouge, Huile de Palmiste, Main Ja, Oil Palm Tree, Palm, Palm Fruit Oil, Palm Kernel Oil, Palm Oil Carotene, Palmier à Huile, Red Palm Oil.

Metodología

Para saber más sobre cómo este artículo fue escrito, refiérase a la metodología de la Base exhaustiva de datos de medicamentos naturales.

Referencias

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Documento revisado - 02/16/2015